Exploitation, unemployment, under employment, unawareness of proper utilization of resources, drought, migration, dry and waste land, low income levels, and no marketing facility. Small land holdings ranging from 1/2 acre to 1 acre, non irrigated lands, high dependency on Podu cultivation, lack of skills or equipment to harvest the minor forest produce, fast depletion of forest due to podu, soil erosion, and climatic change. Due to increase in population, lot of pressure has been created on plucking MFP before maturity, hence leading to low quality and reduced prices. Agricultural labor works are available in the roadside villages and in the plain areas only, where as in the hilly area, paid farming is unavailable in the interior areas. Ignorance to additional income through alternative sources of work, limited off farm activities in the tribal area, difficulty to get paid employment during the lean period are the other challenges. Need to possess skills to market products of MFP. Lack of storage capacity, lack of capital to hold stocks, low price realization, low bargaining power, lack of transportation, literacy and language barrier, insufficient technical knowledge etc., further handicap the existing situation.

To address the situation, the following programs / activities were planned and executed:
• Promotion of Mulberry plantation program in two panchayats in tribal areas covering 20 habitations.
• Promotion and plantation of cashew to about 70 families from three tribal panchayats.
• 55 tribal and rural women have been trained in cottage industries such as mirch powder, masala powder processing, extracting oil, and rearing poultry.
• Constructed 3 check dams due to which 3 villages have been benefited.
• 25 villages got demonstrations in raising paddy and groundnut.
• 350 landless laborers from 13 villages have been benefited from diary development.
• Seeds were supplied to 25 villages in the tribal areas.
• 20 youth from backward communities got trained in palm fiber bush making.
• Motivational lectures and demonstrations on commercial crops cultivation were done in the tribal areas.
• Identified about 360 acres of waste land and distributed to 51 tribal families, who raised nurseries and plants were distributed to those lands.
• 20 youth were trained in the production process of silk and marketing.
• 250 tribal and rural women were trained in making Adda leaf plate making.
•  50 families from 25 villages were benefited from the supply of sheep and goat rearing units.
• 18 pairs of plough bullocks supplied to the tribal families.
• 25 youths got trained in managing piggery units.
• About 4 formation of Artisan Guild trainings were provided to the members.
•  150 youth from rural and tribal areas were trained in bookbinding.
• 500 tribal farmers from small and marginal families got benefited in getting crop loans.
• 20 rural youth got trained in the bricks industry.
• 250 women in 15 batches were trained in pickle, papad, sweets, candle, chalk making etc.,
• 20 youths from plain mandals got trained in floriculture, nursery bed preparation, plantation and plant protection measures.
•  16237 women got loans under micro credit scheme.
• 500 adolescent girls and women got training in tailoring and sewing machine from 35 batches of 5 training/ field centers.
• 100 cyclone victim families got benefited by formation of society for the milk vendors.
• One engine boat was provided for the cyclone victims, live stocks, boat repairs, net repairs.
• 5000 women from 350 SHGs and 25 staff members got trained in strengthening SHGs.
• 322 grain banks were established under the food security program.
• 32 tribal groups were promoted and linked to banks for getting higher amount of loans.
• 400 farmers from 25 villages were trained in SRI system of agricultural best practices, and 25 implementation sets were supplied to villages.
• 200 youth have been trained in 4 batches on making palm leaf decorative articles.

• Action Aid, London
• The Swiss Development Cooperation and Development AP
• MISSOREOR, Germany
• EZE, Germany – GPC, Hyderabad
• EZE, West Germany – GPF-New Delhi
•  SCF, UK
• CCF, Bangalore
• Canada fund, New Delhi
• CARE-STEP, European Commission

•  Agricultural Research Station- Chintapalli
•  SIDIBI, Visakhapatnam
•  Rastriya Mahila Kosh, New Delhi
•  NYK, Visakhapatnam
•  KVIC, Mumbai
•  AWARD, New Delhi,

•  Facilitation of more youth clubs, cultural clubs and other forums
• Training on PRI to existing members
• Mobilization of revolving funds to the groups
• Loans for community for cattle and agriculture and non farm sector businesses, promotion of business by youth, transport facility.
• Teaching best practices in each field to youth club and SHGs.
• Vocational skill development in both farming and non-farming sector
• Rejuvenate and planting of more trees that yield MFPs through VSS
• Construction of check dams
• Supply of quality seeds and pesticides
• Shelters for shops in shandies
• Establishing of more marketing places in remote areas
• Increase in agricultural productivity
• Increased participation in the development projects
• Enable Collection and marketing of more MFP
• Promote non farm income generating activities
• Invest in skill and product development

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