Basic problems prevailing in the area:

Long distance to fetch water for drinking which is ultimately unsafe and unhygienic. Stale food consumption, unhygienic sanitary practices, living with livestock, improper drainage system, stagnated water, etc.,

To address the situation, the following programs/activities were formulated and completed:
• About 18 open wells were constructed
• Thirteen deep bore wells dug
• About 90 area specific and need based water devices set up in the tribal areas. They included gravitational water flow systems, filter wells, iron removal plants, filter walls, and spring wells.
• About 804 toilets (Individual Sanitary Latrines-ISL) constructed in the operational rural and urban areas.
• Promoted various technological options in 29 habitations of tribal areas such as soak pit, model cattle shed, compost pit, and vermin compost pits, under the hygiene promotional activity.
• Promoted 2 child friendly centers in Anganwadi centres, and promoted separate toilets for boys and girls in two schools in the tribal habitations.
• Covered 16 ashram schools and 95 primary and upper primary schools in creating awareness on the four key messages of hand wash practices, toilet usage, handling drinking water and safe disposal of child faeces.

• Created awareness in 20 girls’ ashram schools and hostels on menstrual hygiene, life skills education, HIV/AIDs, and IDD

• Educated Anganwadi centres and health workers regarding water related and water borne diseases, and improving the nutritional status among the women and children.

Fund Supporters for the programs:

• Christian Aid, London
• Save the Children Fund, London
• Water Aid, London
• Care-STEP – European Union
• Care – Balasahayoga
• AKVO, Sweden

• Arghyam, Bangalore
• Capart, New Delhi
• World Vision, Bangalore
• RMK, New Delhi
• UNICEF – Hyderabad
• ICDS – Visakhapatnam

• Promote Process with action oriented and people involvement program.
• Package or scheme based program need to be promoted.
• More focus on women and children.
• Child centric women programs need to be planned and implemented.